München: Nationaltheater (Bayerische Staatsoper)

Country: Germany (Deutschland)
State: Bayern
City: München
Location: Max-Joseph-Platz 2

Built 1811-1818 as "Königliches Hof- und Nationaltheater" for König Maximilian I. Joseph von Bayern by Karl von Fischer. Opened 12 Oct 1818 with Albert Klebe's "Die Weihe". Destroyed by a fire in 1823. Restored 1823-1824 nearly unaltered by Leo von Klenze, funded by a specially created beer tax. Destroyed by bombs on 2/3 Oct 1943. Freely reconstructed 1958-1963 by Gerhard Graubner. Re-opened 21 Nov 1963 with Richard Strauss's "Die Frau ohne Schatten". 1800 seats (+ 300 standing).

Notable world premieres:

  • Franz Lachner: Alidia (12 Apr 1839)
  • Franz Lachner: Catharina Cornaro (3 Dec 1841)
  • Franz Lachner: Benvenuto Cellini (7 Oct 1849)
  • Richard Wagner: Tristan und Isolde (10 June 1865)
  • Richard Wagner: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (21 June 1868)
  • Richard Wagner: Das Rheingold (22 Sep 1869)
  • Richard Wagner: Die Walküre (26 June 1870)
  • Richard Wagner: Die Feen (29 June 1888)
  • Engelbert Humperdinck: Die Königskinder (23 Jan 1897)
  • Alexander Zemlinsky: Sarema (10 Oct 1897)
  • Siegfried Wagner: Der Bärenhäuter (22 Jan 1899)
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari: I quattro rusteghi (19 Mar 1906)
  • Hans Pfitzner: Das Christelflein (11 Dec 1906)
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari: Il segreto di Susanna (4 Dec 1909)
  • Erich W. Korngold: Der Ring des Polykrates / Violanta (28 Mar 1916)
  • Walter Braunfels: Die Vögel (30 Nov 1920)
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari: Das Himmelskleid (21 Apr 1927)
  • Hans Pfitzner: Das Herz (12 Nov 1931)
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari: Il Campiello (27 Dec 1936)
  • Richard Strauss: Friedenstag (24 July 1938)
  • Carl Orff: Der Mond (5 Feb 1939)
  • Richard Strauss: Capriccio (28 Oct 1942)
  • Werner Egk: Die Verlobung in San Domingo (27 Nov 1963)
  • Aribert Reimann: Lear (9 July 1978)
  • Giuseppe Sinopoli: Lou Salomé (10 May 1981)
  • Volker David Kirchner: Belshazar (25 Jan 1986)
  • Aribert Reimann: Troades (7 July 1986)
  • Aribert Reimann: Bernarda Albas Haus (2000)

Link: www.bayerische.staatsoper.de

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Front Text: "München, Kgl. Hof- und Nationaltheater", signed: "M. Zeno Diemer"
Publisher: Ottmar Zieher Kunstanstalt, München; Dep. No. 211; Künstlerpostkarte No. 1038
Type: Winter Card; Undivided Back
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Front Text: "München, Hoftheater", signed: "Paul Hey"
Publisher: Ottmar Zieher Kunstanstalt, München; Dep. No. 399; Künstlerpostkarte No. 2134
Type: Undivided Back
Size: Classic
Sent: from München to Wien (Austria), 1900

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: left: Cuvilliés-Theater (Altes Residenztheater) at its original location, centre: Nationaltheater
Front Text: "Gruß aus München - Hoftheater"
Publisher: Verlag Aug. Fleischmann, München; W. Hagelberg Akt.ges., Berlin
Type: Undivided Back
Size: Classic
Sent: from München to Paris (France), 1900

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: left: Cuvilliés-Theater (Altes Residenztheater) at its original location, centre: Nationaltheater
Front Text: "München, Kgl. Hof- und Nationaltheater"
Type: Undivided Back
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Front Text: "München, Kgl. Hoftheater mit Residenz", signed: "Richard Wagner"
Publisher: C A & Co.; Aquarell-Serie München; No. 8
Type: Divided Back
Size: Classic
Sent: from München to Aachen, 1911

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: left: Cuvilliés-Theater (Altes Residenztheater) at its original location, centre: Nationaltheater
Reverse Text: "München, Hof- und Nationaltheater"
Publisher: Theo Stroefer's Städteansichen; Serie 746, No. 4
Type: Divided Back
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Front Text: "München, Hoftheater"
Publisher: 4306/799
Type: Real Photo
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: auditorium
Publisher: Hanns Holdt, München
Type: Real Photo
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Reverse Text: "Hoftheater, erbaut von Klenze 1823-25, zerstört Dezember 1944 - Court Theater, erected by Klenze in 1823-1825, destroyed in December 1944"
Publisher: Kulturbaufonds der Landeshauptstadt München
Type: benefit card for the rebuilding of the theatre
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: left: new Residenz-Theater, centre: Nationaltheater
Reverse Text: "München, Nationaltheater und Residenztheater, Bayerische Staatsoper"
Publisher: Krüger
Size: Modern
Sent: from München to Wegscheid, 1968

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Reverse Text: "Zuschauerraum des wiederaufgebauten Nationaltheater München -Wiedereröffnung: 21. November 1963" [Auditorium of the re-erected Nationaltheater. Re-opened on 21 Nov 1963]
Publisher: Franz Witzig, München
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] First Day Cover (6 May 1964)
Text: "Hauptstädte der Länder der Bundesrepublik Deutschland - München" [Capital Cities of the States of the Federal Republic of Germany]
Stamp: "Hauptstädte der Bundesländer"
Postmark: "München - Nationaltheater"

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Reverse Text: "München, Nationaltheater - Treppenaufgang zum nördlichen Jonischen Saal" [staircase to the northern Ionic Hall]
Publisher: Franz Witzig, München
Size: Modern
Sent: from München to Solingen, 1967

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Front Text: "München - Eine Stadt mit Herz"
Reverse Text: "München ... Nationaltheater"
Publisher: Verlag Schöning & Co. + Gebr. Schmidt, Lübeck
Size: 23 x 12 cm
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: auditorium seats
Front Text: "53 54 54" (telephone number)
Reverse Text: "Werden Sie Mitglied! Theatergemeinde München. Theaterkarten- und Abonnement-Vermittlung [...] Motiv: Nationaltheater, München"
Publisher: Theatergemeinde e. V. München
Type: Advertisement Card
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Muenchen: Nationaltheater] Picture: shelves with wigs for a production of Handel's opera "Ariodante"
Front Text: "Führungen durch das Nationaltheater im Juni 2003" [Guided Tours of the National Theatre in June 2003"
Reverse Text: advertising guided theatre tours
Publisher: Bayerische Staatsoper, München
Type: Advertisement Card, not designed for postal use
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Muenchen: 5 theatres] Picture: above left: Münchner Volkstheater, above right: Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz, below left: Residenztheater, below right: Nationaltheater (stage entrance), middle: Münchner Kammerspiele
Reverse Text: advertising student subscriptions by Theaterjugendring München
Publisher: Theaterjugendring München
Size: 21 x 9.7 cm
Not sent.


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