Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden

Country: Germany (Deutschland)
State: Berlin
City: Berlin
Location: Mitte, Unter den Linden 5-7

Built 1741-1743 by as "Königliches Opernhaus" by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff for the Prussian King, Friedrich II. Opened 7 Dec 1742 with Graun's "Cleopatra e Cesare". The building comprised three separate halls: the foyer and banquet hall "Apollosaal", the "Tanz- und Theatersaal" (used as main auditorium for opera performances), and the "Korinthischer Saal" (used as stage for opera performances), all of which could be linked mechanically to form one big festive hall.

1787 auditorium rebuilding, installation of proscenium boxes and a royal box, modernization of stage technology (with destruction of the original "Korinthischer Saal") by Carl Gotthard Langhans. Auditorium destroyed by a fire in 1843. 1843-1844 auditorium rebuilding, rebuilding of concert hall "Apollosaal", and extension of the stagehouse by Carl Ferdinand Langhans. Re-opened 7 Dec 1844 with Meyerbeer's "Das Feldlager in Schlesien". 1867-1869 extension of the stagehouse to the south by Carl Ferdinand Langhans. 1910 extension of the stagehouse by a fly tower. 1919 renamed "Staatsoper". 1926-1928 crosswise extension of the stagehouse by two side wings, auditorium renovations, reduction of "Apollosaal" by E. Fürstenau. After the 1910 and 1926-1928 rebuidlings, hardly any resemblance with Knobelsdorff's original building remained (with the exception of the main façade). Damaged by bombs on 9/10 Apr 1941. Rebuilt 1941-1942 by E. Meffert. Again destroyed by bombs on 3 Feb 1945. From 1945 to 1955, the opera company performed in the "Theater im Admiralspalast" (today's "Metropol-Theater").

1952-1955 rebuilt as "Deutsche Staatsoper" by Richard Paulick. Exterior rebuilt as a compromise between Knobelsdorff's original designs and the needs of modern opera productions, i. e. side stage wings and a fly tower. "Apollosaal" (250 seats) rebuilt freely after Knobelsdorff's designs for the "Parolesaal" of the Sanssouci palace in Potsdam. Auditorium rebuilt freely after Knobelsdorff's designs for the original theatre and various interior decorations in Potsdam. 1400 seats. Re-opened 4 Sep 1955 with Wagner's "Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg".

In the mid-1990s renamed "Staatsoper Unter den Linden". Used for performances of the resident state opera and ballet companies.

Notable world premieres:

  • Carl Heinrich Graun: Cleopatra e Cesare (7 Dec 1742)
  • Carl Heinrich Graun: Artaserse (2 Dec 1743)
  • Carl Heinrich Graun: Demofoonte, Re di Tracia (17 Jan 1746)
  • Carl Heinrich Graun: Montezuma (6 Jan 1755)
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt: Die Geisterinsel (6 July 1798)
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt: Lieb und Treue (31 Mar 1800)
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt: Jery und Bäteli (30 Mar 1801)
  • Gasparo Spontini: Alcidor (23 May 1825)
  • Gasparo Spontini: Agnese di Hohenstaufen (12 June 1829)
  • Heinrich Marschner: Hans Heiling (24 May 1833)
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer: Das Feldlager in Schlesien (7 Dec 1844)
  • Otto Nicolai: Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor (9 Mar 1849)
  • Wilhelm Kienzl: Der Evangelimann (4 May 1895)
  • Albert Lortzing: Regina (with altered libretto, 21 Mar 1899)
  • Ethel Smyth: Der Wald (9 Apr 1902)
  • Ruggiero Leoncavallo: Der Roland von Berin (13 Dec 1904)
  • Franz Schmidt: Fredigundis (19 Dec 1922)
  • Ernst Krenek: Die Zwingburg (21 Oct 1924)
  • Alban Berg: Wozzeck (14 Dec 1925)
  • Franz Schreker: Der singende Teufel (10 Dec 1928)
  • Darius Milhaud: Christophe Colomb (5 May 1930)
  • Hans Pfitzner: Das Herz (12 Nov 1931)
  • Eduard Künneke: Die große Sünderin (31 Dec 1935)
  • Mark Lothar: Schneider Wibbel (12 May 1938)
  • Werner Egk: Peer Gynt (24 Nov 1938)
  • Rudolf Wagner-Régeny: Die Bürger von Calais (28 Jan 1939)
  • Paul Dessau: Das Verhör des Lukullus (17 Mar 1951)
  • Paul Dessau: Puntila (15 Nov 1966)
  • Paul Dessau: Lanzelot (19 Dec 1969)
  • Paul Dessau: Einstein (16 Feb 1974)
  • Friedrich Goldmann: R. Hot bzw. Die Hitze (at Apollosaal, 27 Feb 1977)
  • Siegfried Matthus: Graf Mirabeau (14 July 1989)

Link: www.staatsoper-unter-den-linden.de

For postcards showing the Staatsoper building before 1900, see
Staatsoper Unter den Linden: Modern Repro Postcards

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: before the 1910 rebuilding
Front Text: "Berlin, Königliches Opernhaus"
Publisher: Verlag Leuchtenberger & Stöckmann, Friedrichstr., Berlin
Type: Undivided Back
Size: Classic
Sent: from Berlin to Braunweiler, 1904

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: after the 1910 rebuilding
Front Text: "Berlin, Kgl. Opernhaus"
Publisher: Serie Brillant II.; Nr. 16
Type: Divided Back
Size: Classic
Sent: within Berlin, 1911

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: after the 1910 rebuilding
Front Text: "Berlin, Unter den Linden - Das II. Garde-Rgt. am Opernhause - Unsere alte stolze Garde"
Reverse Text: a text describing "Die Garde" [The Guards]
Publisher: Verlag Julius Flechtner, Unna i. W.
Type: Divided Back
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: after the 1910 rebuilding
Front Text: "Berlin, Königliches Opernhaus und Hedwigskirche"
Type: Divided Back
Size: Classic
Sent: by German Forces' Postal Service, from Berlin to Eisleben, 1917

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: after the 1926-1928 rebuilding
Front Text: "Berlin, Staatsoper Unter den Linden"
Publisher: Industrie-Fotografen Klinke & Co., Berlin
Type: Real Photo
Size: Classic
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: ca. 1945-1951
Reverse Text: "Berlin, Staatsoper"
Publisher: Sachsenverlag G.m.b.H., Plauen; 3909 40000 PI/27 204
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: after the 1952-1955 rebuilding
Reverse Text: "Berlin, Staatsoper"
Publisher: VEB Volkskunstverlag Reichenbach i. V.; 15 278; A 145/57
Size: Modern
Sent: from Berlin-Lichtenberg to Meinersdorf/Erzgebirge, 1958

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: auditorium after the 1952-1955 rebuilding
Reverse Text: "Berlin - Deutsche Staatsoper, Zuschauerraum"
Publisher: Verlag Felix Setecki, Berlin; V/11/28 T 209/56-3000
Type: Real Photo
Size: Modern
Sent: from Berlin (West) to Mannheim, 1958

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: auditorium after the 1952-1955 rebuilding
Reverse Text: "Berlin - Deutsche Staatsoper, Zuschauerraum, Teilansicht"
Publisher: Verlag Felix Setecki, Berlin; V 11-28 T 209/55-3000
Type: Real Photo
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Picture: foyer after the 1952-1955 rebuilding
Reverse Text: "Berlin - Deutsche Staatsoper, Foyer"
Publisher: Verlag Felix Setecki, Berlin; V 11/28 T 209/56-3000
Type: Real Photo
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Front Text: "Gruß aus Berlin"
Reverse Text: "Deutsche Staatsoper - 1. Foyer - 2. Aussenansicht - 3. Wandelgang - 4. Innenansicht - 5. Apollosaal - 6. Restaurant"
Publisher: VEB Volkskunstverlag Reichenbach i. V.; 15 278; A 145/57
Size: Modern
Sent: from Berlin to Schwerin, 1959

Details:
[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden]

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden]

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden]

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Front Text: inscription on portico: "Deutsche Staatsoper"
Reverse Text: "Berlin, Hauptstadt der DDR, Deutsche Staatsoper, Nemeckaya Gosudarstvennaya opera, German State Opera, L'Opéra National Allemand"
Publisher: Bild und Heimat, Reichenbach (Vogtl.); III/26/13 A1/624/84 300624 01 15 0470
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] First Day Cover (13 Aug 1992)
Publisher: Richard Borek, Braunschweig
Text: "250 Jahre Deutsche Staatsoper Berlin"
Stamp: "250 Jahre Deutsche Staatsoper Berlin"
Postmark: "5300 Bonn 1 - 250 Jahre Deutsche Staatsoper Berlin - Erstausgabe 13.08.1992"
Sent: from Bonn to Lohfelden, 1992

Detail:
[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden]

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Front Text: "Berlin - Deutsche Staatsoper Unter den Linden"
Reverse Text: "Deutsche Staatsoper Unter den Linden - (c) Rudolf Stussi"
Publisher: JOKER edition, Berlin; B61
Size: Modern
Not sent.

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Front Text: inscription on portico: "Fridericus Rex Apollini et Musis", flags: advertising R. Strauss's opera "Capriccio"
Reverse Text: "Berlin - Deutsche Staatsoper Unter den Linden, German State Opera Unter den Linden, L'Opéra national Unter den Linden"
Publisher: publicon Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin
Size: 11.5 x 16.4 cm
Sent: from Sweden to Ludwigshafen am Rhein (Germany), 2000

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Publisher: Staatsoper Unter den Linden, Berlin
Size: Modern
Sent: from Berlin to Ravensburg, 2001

[Berlin: Staatsoper Unter den Linden] Front Text: Berlin, Königliches Opernhaus
Reverse Text: Berlin, Königliches Opernhaus; Illustration: Susane Mocka
Publisher: Edition Lidiarte, PK 230
Size: Modern
Not sent.

For other postcards of this theatre, see Berlin: Cards showing various theatres. For a postcard advertising a concert at this theatre, see also Dresden: Semperoper.


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