|Berlin: Metropol-Theater (Admiralspalast)|
Country: Germany (Deutschland)
Location: Mitte, Friedrichstraße 101/102
Built 1911 as "Admiralspalast" by Heinrich Schweitzer and Alexander Diepenbrock, replacing the Admiralsgartenbad spa (built 1873-1874). The complex included cafés, a cinema, a bowling centre, a luxury spa, and an ice rink at Planckstraße (accessible via a courtyard from Friedrichstraße). The ice rink could also be covered with a wooden floor in order to be used as a huge ballroom.
1922 conversion of the ice rink into a variety theatre, "Weltvarieté" by Oskar Kaufmann and Richard Wolffenstein (1065 seats).
1930 rebuilding by Oskar Kaufmann, Richard Wolffenstein, and Max Ackermann (2200 seats). Re-opened as "Theater im Admiralspalast". 1939-1940 major redecoration by Paul Baumgarten sr., who destroyed Kaufmann's expressionist decoration (as ordered by the Nazi culture ministery) and added a "government box" (1400 seats). 1945-1955 used as home to the Deutsche Staatsoper opera company. 1946 venue of the merger between the forced merger of the East-German social democratic (SPD) and communist (KPD) parties to the SED.
1955 renamed "Metropol-Theater". 1955-1983 used mainly as a concert hall. From 1983, used as an operetta theatre. In the 1990s, re-opened as a private musical and revue theatre, directed by René Kollo. Closed 1997. Since then, the state-owned complex has not been used and is sadly left to decay.
The cinema wing (at Friedrichstraße) was later used as a casino. Currently it is used by the cabaret company, "Die Distel".
[NB: The theatre is not identical to the variety theatre, "Metropol-Theater" (1898-1933) in Behrenstraße, currently home to the "Komische Oper".]
Notable world premieres:
Picture: ice rink before the 1922 rebuilding|
Front Text: "Eis-Arena" [Ice Arena]
Reverse Text: "Admiralspalast Berlin - Am Bahnhof Friedrichstraße"
Publisher: Raphael Tuck & Sons; Gravürotinto-Serien
Type: Divided Back
Front Text: "Revue 'Frau Luna' v. Paul Lincke - Friedel Schuster, Eiselt, Dünkler, Wagemann, Jankuhn, Dorsay, Obe, Münch, Schwed, Wenck - Revue - Theater im Admiralspalast - Tägl. 20.30 Uhr, Sonntags Nachm. 4.00, Kleine Preise", signed:"Contax-Montage, phot. J. Donderer"|
Type: Advertisement Card
Detail (below left):
Front Text: inscription: "Deutsche Staatsoper", left poster: "Tag des Deutschen Eisenbahners", advertisement on right wall: "Neues Deutschland - zeigt den Weg aufwärts", poster on right building: "Empfangsstelle Tag des Lehrers", |
Reverse Text: "Berlin, Deutsche Staatsoper mit Presse-Café, Durch anglo-amer. Bomber zerstört. Wiederaufgebaut im Jahre 1950/51"
Publisher: Teco Trinks & Co., Leipzig; 2000 Bestell-Nr. 48; III/18/20 Za 630 92 751
Type: Real Photo
Picture: courtyard around 1950|
Front Text: "Berlin, Deutsche Staatsoper"; inscription: "Deutsche Staatsoper"
Publisher: Verlag Trinks & Co., Leipzig; Bestell-Nr. 2; M111-42500/50 BLN. 102
Type: Real Photo
For another postcard of this theatre, see Berlin: Tränenpalast.
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